A Guide to Anzac Day for New Zealanders
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Gallipoli Placenames

Gallipoli Guide

Anzac - Formed from the initial letters of Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. First used (written A. and N.Z.A.C.) in Egypt , when the Army Corps was formed. It soon became A.N.Z.A.C., and the new word was so obvious that the full stops were omitted.

Anzac Cove - The little bay where the principal landing was made on April 25, 1915.

The Apex - High up on Rhododendron Spur, and the furthest point inland retained by the Anzac forces after the attack on Chunuk Bair. An earlier name, little used, was "The Mustard Plaster".

Baby 700 - A Turkish position between The Nek and Battleship Hill.

Battleship Hill - High ground within the Turkish lines between Baby 700 and Chunuk Bair. Turkish reserves sheltered behind it, and were frequently shelled by the warships.

Bauchop's Hill - A hill between the Aghyl Dere and the Chailak Dere. Named after the gallant colonel of the Otago Mounted Rifles, who was mortally wounded here on August 8.

Camel's Hump - A Turkish position just below Snipers' Nest.

Canterbury Gully - A small gully between Plugge's Plateau and Shrapnel Valley, where the Canterbury Infantry Battalion rested when in reserve from Quinn's Post. Often shown on the map as Rest Gully.

Canterbury Knob - A famous machine gun position on the right flank of the Apex position and overlooking the headwaters of the Sazli Buit Dere.

Chailak Dere - A narrow valley falling down from Chunuk Bair, past the north side of Table Top and between Bauchop's Hill and "Old No. 3 Post".

Chessboard, The - A criss-cross network of Turkish trenches opposite Pope's Hill and Russell's Top.

Chunuk Bair - A ridge high on the Sari Bair, below Hill Q, and above Rhododendron Spur.

Courtney's Post - One of the three famous posts at head of Monash Gully.

Daisy Patch, The - A piece of old meadow at Cape Helles.

Dead Man's Ridge - A much contested Turkish salient running in between Pope's Hill and Quinn's Post.

Destroyer Hill - A small hill overlooking the Sazli Beit Dere and midway between Rhododendron Spur and Outpost No. 1.

Farm, The - A hotly contested corner of the Chunuk Bair battlefields, just underneath the ridge of Chunuk Bair.

Fishermen's Hut - A rude hut or huts near the coast, at the foot of the Sazli Beit Dere.

Gaba Tepe - A headland about two kilometres south of the Anzac right flank. The Anzac landing was originally known as the Gaba Tepe landing.

Happy Valley - The valley just north of Walker's Ridge, and immediately below Turk's Point. In the spring the lower reaches were a mass of flowering shrubs, beautiful grasses, and fragrant wild thyme.

Hill Q - Sometimes known as Nameless Peak. Midway between the heights of Hill 971 and Chunuk Bair

Hill 60 - The height in metres of the hill known as Kaiajik Aghala, near which was the important well Kabak Kayu.

Hill 100 - High ground between the Asma Dere and the head of the Kaiajak Dere; held by the Otago Mounted Rifles at the evacuation.

Hill 971 - The most important tactical feature on Gallipoli Peninsula. The highest peak of the Sari Bair range, 971 feet (305 metres) high. Known to the Turks as Koja Chemen Tepe.

Howitzer Gully - The northernmost gully running up towards Plugge's Plateau from Anzac Cove.

Hughes Gully - Part of the Sazli Beit Dere running to the north opposite Destroyer Hill, towards the front of Table Top

Johnston's Jolly - A Turkish position just north of Lone Pine.

Little Table Top - A small, flat-topped hill north of the original "Table Top", which was sometimes called "Big Table Top".

Long (or Big) Sap, The - A communication trench running from Anzac Cove, near Ari Burmu, along the foothills out to Outpost No. 2.

Lone Pine - A set of Turkish trenches south of Johnston's Jolly, taken and held by the Australians during the August fighting.

Malone's Gully - A dry watercourse between Happy Valley and Outpost No. 1, leading up towards Baby 700.

Monash Gully - A the upper portion of Shrapnel Valley.

Nek, The - A narrow tongue of no man's land, running from Russell's Top towards the Turkish trenches.

North Beach - See Ocean Beach.

Ocean Beach - The stretch of seashore between Ari Burnu and Outpost No. 2. Sometimes known as North Beach.

Old Outpost No. 3 - High ground between Outpost No. 2 and Table Top.

Otago Gully - Near Outpost No. 3.

Outpost No. 1 - On the left flank of Anzac. Sometimes known as Maori Post, from it being garrisoned by the Maori contingent.

Outpost No. 2 - Called Nelson Hill in the earlier days because held by the 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles; then taken over by the Otago Mounted Rifles; eventually became Divisional Headquarters for the August operations.

Outpost No. 3 - Established just north of No. 2 Outpost, when Old Outpost No. 3 was abandoned.

Overton Gully - A gully named to commemorate Major Overton, Canterbury Mounted Rifles, a keen officer who directed the scouting and reconnoitring on the left flank.

Plugge's Plateau - The high ground immediately inland from Anzac Cove.

Quinn's Post - At the head of Monash Gully; the most famous post in Anzac, the salient of the Anzac line. Named after an Australian officer, who was killed defending the post.

Reserve Gully - A "rest" gully in the low ground between Plugge's Plateau and the Sphinx.

Rhododendron Spur - A prominent spur running westward from Chunuk Bair, and between the Chailak Dere and the Sazli Beit Dere, the point nearest Chunuk Bair being called the Apex.

Russell's Top - The highest point of Walker's Ridge, where Brigadier-General Russell, commanding the New Zealand Mounted Rifles, had his headquarters during May, June, and July.

Sari-Bair - The tangled mass of hills and watercourses inland from Anzac and Suvla, culminating in Hill 971.

Shrapnel Valley - The road to the centre of the Anzac position; heavily shelled by the Turkish artillery from the first day. Known to the Turks as Kamu Kapu Dere. The upper portion of the valley was known as Monash Gully.

Snipers' Nest - A scrubby hill about 900 metres from the sea, from which Turkish snipers made the beach north of Ari Burnu unsafe for bathing or traffic.

Sphinx, The - A peculiar knife-edge spur jutting out seawards from Walker's Ridge. During the early days it was known by many names such as the Sphinx, the Knife Edge, the Cathedral, the Snipers' Crevice, until it was entered on the map as the Sphinx.

Table Top - A flat-topped hill, 1250 metres inland from the sea, just south of Chailak Dere and at the foot of Rhododendron Spur; captured by the Wellington Mounted Rifles on the night of August 6/7.

Taylor's Hollow - A depression just below Bauchop's Hill.

Walden's Point - North of Taylor's Hollow.

Wallker's Ridge - The left flank of the original Anzac line. Brigadier General Walker was attached to Army Headquarters, but as Colonel Johnston was down with measles on the morning of the Anzac landing, General Walker took command of the Brigade.

Walker's Pier - A wharf erected north of Ari Burnu, between Mule Gully and Reserve Gully.

Wellington Terrace - The cliff side under the shadow of the Sphinx, studded with dugouts; originally a rest camp for the Wellington Regiment, who saw some resemblance to their native hillsides.

"W" Hills - A low ridge 112 metres high, about two kilometres due north of Hill 60; shown on Turkish maps as Ismail Oglu Tepe, but better known to the Anzac troops as the "W" Hills. When looking north from Russell's Top, the spurs of this feature formed the line W, while the re-entrants formed the shadows.

Extracted from: Fred Waite, The New Zealanders at Gallipoli, Auckland, 1919.
View north of Anzac Cove to Suvla Bay
View north from Walker's Ridge to Suvla Bay.